Despite Mozambique being rich in energy resources, including hydropower, gas and coal reserves and significant potential for solar and wind power, only around 30% of the country's population have access to electricity, through the grid or mini/off-grid systems, with large disparities between urban and rural locations. 

The energy sector is an important part of the country's economy and significant investments have been made in recent years to development the sector.  Mozambique has also set the target of achieving universal energy access by 2030 as part of the global effort to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 7). CPGD's research considers the political-economy factors affecting the development of the energy sector in the context of energy poverty, climate change and global energy transitions.



       Salite, D., Kirshner, J., Cotton, M., Howe, L., Cuamba, B., Feijó, J., and Macome, A. (2021). Energy Research & Social Science, Volume 78.​

       Shenga, C. (2016)