Mozambique is rich in energy resources including gas, coal and hydropower. It also has significant potential for solar and wind power with the solar energy sector in particular beginning to gain momentum in recent years. Yet only around 30% of the population have access to electricity with large disparities between urban and rural locations and varying degrees in the quality and reliability of supply.
The energy sector is an important part of the country's economy and significant investments are being made to develop the sector. Mozambique has also set the target of achieving universal energy access by 2030 as part of the global effort to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 7). CPGD's research considers the political-economy factors affecting the development of the energy sector in the context of energy poverty, climate change and global energy transitions.
Community energy and sustainable energy transitions in Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique (CESET)
A political-economic analysis of electricity grid access histories and futures in Mozambique (POLARIZE)
Shenga, C. and Howe, L. (2023), CPGD Policy Brief 6.
Mozambique’s off-grid energy regulation: opportunities and challenges for the uptake of community energy projects
Howe, L., and Shenga, C. (2023). CESET report.
Mulugetta, Y., Sokona, Y., Trotter, P.A. et al. (2022), Nature Energy.
Gebreslassie., M. G., et al. (2022). Energy, Sustainability and Society, Volume 12, Article 23.
Shenga, C., Cotton, M., Kirshner, J., and Howe, L. (2022). People, Place and Policy, Volume 16, Issue 1, p. 53-72.
Electricity access in Mozambique: A critical policy analysis of investment, service reliability and social sustainability
Salite, D., Kirshner, J., Cotton, M., Howe, L., Cuamba, B., Feijó, J., and Macome, A. (2021). Energy Research & Social Science, Volume 78.
Shenga, C. (2016), CPGD Working Paper 6.